Peacebuilding Networks and Alliances in Kenya
As part of the Collective Impact in Peacebuilding initiative, the case study from Kenya examined the conditions for effective peacebuilding coalition and network building in Kenya across 15 networks over a 10-year period. From a macro-level perspective it looked at multi-actor peacebuilding initiatives that emerged after the 2007/8 electoral violence, and explored the conditions under which the various efforts operated, what made them successful and what caused challenges.
Kenya has a vibrant peacebuilding sector and strong civil society that are committed to violent prevention and conflict transformation. There are various multi-stakeholder peacebuilding efforts coordinated by different groups, but there is not a single network or backbone structure that is regarded as the convener or facilitator of Kenyan civil society organizations for peacebuilding efforts at large. Although Kenya is one of the few countries with a National Policy on Peacebuilding and Conflict Management, its implementation has been slow. The electoral violence in 2007/8, 2013 and 2017 along with the 2010 Constitutional Referendum has exhausted the peacebuilding community and others involved in peacebuilding efforts. This frequent surge of violence has pushed peacebuilding actors to focus on these specific events rather than long-term goals to address deep-rooted grievances that remain sources of tension and conflict in the country. This case study examines those efforts by comparing 15 peacebuilding networks to understand how they have operated, sustained, and adapted to meet the changing context.